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Archive for December, 2009

Cosmetic Surgery

Saturday, December 26th, 2009

There are many ways in which a person’s appearance can be transformed. One of them is cosmetic surgery which involves plastic surgery and various other facial bone related surgeries which help to reconstruct the distorted part of the body. This type of surgery is a very advanced and developed type of medical specialty which is concerned with the restoration as well as rectification of the bonny as well as skin structure. In medical language it is also named as reconstructive surgery.

As far as types of cosmetic surgery are concerned then a wide range including aesthetic surgery, plastic surgery, etc., are included. The reconstruction of the skin and face takes almost 15 to 20 days depending upon the circumstances of the patient. The skin is basically very much sensitive, the tissues which add up to form the skin are to be handled very carefully as the construction of them artificially involves much considerable efforts of cosmetician. In adverse cases where the tissues are completely distorted then they should be transplant with same type of tissues in order to compact with others. The refined structure of the tissues through a complete surgical process is in fact in relation to the body’s own way to manage the cells and skin tissues.

Also, cosmetic surgery is done to improve the normal structure of the skin appearance. It involves excision i.e. cutting out of a body organ, or any sort of part from the patient body. The operation involved during these surgeries is nowadays painless but previously they were much painful. Nowadays these surgeries have become very common as the film-stars are adopting such techniques in order to look effective in there own sense. Moreover, these surgeries are not done on affordable fees instead the fees for them range to millions.

As far as applications of these surgeries are considered, the cases related to accidents in which there is complete burn or damage occurs to the body. In such cases cosmetic surgery can be proved to be boon to the patient’s life. They often involve cutting down of the tissues from one healthy body part and transplanting the same to the injured part. It is also a fact that, as these surgeries are not easy to afford thus a common man cannot adopt such surgeries in adverse circumstances.

Cryopyrin Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)

Monday, December 21st, 2009

CAPS (cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome) is a group of rare genetic diseases that can cause rashes, fevers, joint pain, and other inflammatory symptoms. These symptoms often occur after exposure to cold or damp air or a drop in temperature, but symptoms may also show up for no clear reason. Cryopyrin is a protein responsible for triggering the inflammation and painful symptoms of CAPS. A malfunction in this protein is what these diseases have in common. Three syndromes comprise CAPS: Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS), (previously termed Familial Cold Urticaria), Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) and Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), which also is referred to as Chronic Infantile Neurologic Cutaneous Articular Syndrome (CINCA).

Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome is the most common and least severe type.
* Symptoms: Rash, headache, fever, feeling tired, sore or red eyes, and muscle or joint pain
* Onset of symptoms: At birth or, rarely, later in childhood
* Trigger of symptoms: Exposure to cold temperature
* Duration of symptoms: Typically last no more than 24 hours

Muckle-Wells Syndrome is more severe than FCAS.
* Symptoms: Those symptoms listed above, as well as loss of hearing. High protein levels are detected during screening and are a sign of the disease
* Onset of symptoms: At birth or, rarely, later in childhood
* Trigger of symptoms: Exposure to cold temperature, weakness of the body, or other reasons that are not yet known
* Duration of symptoms: Usually last between 1 and 3 days

Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease is the most severe type.
* Symptoms: All of the above mentioned symptoms, as well as loss of eyesight, swelling of the knees, and mental disability
* Onset of symptoms: Almost always at birth
* Trigger of symptoms: Reasons that are not yet known
* Duration of symptoms: Continuous with symptoms worsening from time to time

Diagnosis of CAPS is often missed due to the rarity of these conditions (low index of suspicion). Furthermore, some symptoms of CAPS may be similar to findings of more common diseases such as systemic JIA and systemic lupus erythematosus. Some features of FCAS may be mistaken for Acquired Cold Urticaria (ACU), a more prevalent condition. Both demonstrate cold-induced rash; however, in ACU, the rash is usually localized to sites of direct cold exposure, whereas in FCAS, the inflammation is more generalized, being systemic in nature.

Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes are a rare and newly discovered group of autosomal-dominant disorders that can best be diagnosed through analysis of family history, compilation of clinical history, including age of primary presentation and frequency/duration of episodes, physical examination, laboratory and histological testing, and genetic analysis. Not all CAPS patients have detectable genetic mutations.

Are you or other family members troubled by recurring rashes, fevers, aching joints, and other symptoms? It’s time to take action. Learn about CAPS – Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes, a group of rare genetic diseases that runs in families and can be passed down through generations at Take a few minutes to complete the screener. Your answers can help you take a more active role in your medical care, and that of others.